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Monday, May 19

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Monday, April 28

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Sunday, March 23

  1. page Gradable and non-gradable adjectives and adverbs edited {hot.jpg} Gradable and Non-gradable Adjectives Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) o…
    {hot.jpg} Gradable and Non-gradable Adjectives
    Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) of nouns.
    Some qualities can vary in intensity or grade (for example: rather hot, hot, very hot; hot, hotter, the hottest).
    The adjective hot is gradable.
    Other qualities cannot vary in intensity or grade because they are:
    extremes (for example: freezing)
    absolutes (for example: dead)
    classifying (for example: nuclear)
    The adjectives freezing, dead and nuclear are non-gradable.
    Gradable Adjectives
    A gradable adjective can be used with "grading adverbs" that vary the adjective's grade or intensity. Look at these examples:
    grading adverbs
    a little, dreadfully, extremely, fairly, hugely, immensely, intensely, rather, reasonably, slightly, unusually, very
    +
    gradable adjectives
    angry, big, busy, clever, cold, deep, fast, friendly, good, happy, high, hot, important, long, popular, rich, strong, tall, warm, weak, young
    Look at these example sentences:
    My teacher was very happy with my homework.
    That website is reasonably popular. But this one is more popular.
    He said that Holland was a little cold and Denmark was rather cold. But Sweden was the coldest.
    EC Tip: The adjective dead is non-gradable because it is anabsolute. Dead is dead. We cannot be more or less dead. One person cannot be "deader" than another. Other absolutes include: correct, unique, perfect
    Non-gradable Adjectives
    A non-gradable adjective cannot be used with grading adverbs:
    It was rather freezing outside.
    The dog was very dead.
    He is investing in slightly nuclear energy.
    Non-gradable adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms:
    freezing, more freezing, the most freezing
    dead, deader, the deadest
    nuclear, more nuclear, the most nuclear
    Often, non-gradable adjectives are used alone:
    It was freezing outside.
    The dog was dead.
    He is investing in nuclear energy.
    However, a non-gradable adjective can be used with "non-grading adverbs" (which usually just give the adjective extra impact), for example:
    non-grading adverbs
    non-gradable adjectives
    absolutely
    awful
    extreme
    utterly
    excellent
    completely
    terrified
    totally
    dead
    absolute
    nearly
    impossible
    virtually
    unique
    essentially
    chemical
    classifying
    mainly
    digital
    almost
    domestic
    Here are some example sentences with non-gradable adjectives:
    Her exam results were absolutely awful. She will have to take the exam again.
    Is there anything like it in the world? It must be virtually unique.
    It starts an essentially chemical reaction.
    La mayoría de los adjetivos en inglés son graduables, es decir, que hacen referencia a nociones que tienen una escala de intensidades. Los adjetivos beautiful y difficult son graduables porque podemos hablar de diferentes grados de belleza o de dificultad. Los adjetivos graduables se pueden combinar con adverbios de grado como pretty, rather, fairly, very, amazingly, terribly, incredibly:
    She’s very beautiful.
    This exercise is incredibly difficult.
    Hay otro tipo de adjetivos que no se pueden graduar porque hacen referencia a nociones “extremas” que no pertenecen a una escala. En esta categoría tenemos adjetivos como amazing, brilliant, awful, incredible, perfect, exhausted etc. Este tipo de adjetivos se combinan con una serie de adverbios que intensifican, sin graduar, su significado como por ejemplo, totally, completely, absolutely, utterly.
    His new book is absolutely incredible.
    I was totally exhausted after having trekked for 5 hours non stop.
    Casos especiales:
    El adverbio really se puede utilizar tanto con los adjetivos graduables como con los no graduables. Por eso, si dudais, really es una “apuesta” segura.
    This book is really interesting.
    The organization of the congress was really amazing.
    El adverbio quite se puede utilizar con los dos tipos de adjetivos, pero tendrá un significado diferente en cada caso. Con los adjetivos graduables, quite significa “rather”, mientras que con los adjetivos no graduables significa “completely”.
    I was quite impressed with his presentation.
    His presentation was quite incredible.
    Reference
    Non-gradable adjectives
    Although we don't recommend that you learn lists of non-gradable adjectives, here are some for reference. You can decide for yourself whether they are extreme, absolute or classifying.
    alive, awful, black, boiling, certain, correct, dead, domestic, enormous, environmental, excellent, freezing, furious, gigantic, huge, immediately, impossible, miniscule, mortal, overjoyed, perfect, pregnant, principal, ridiculous, superb, terrible, terrified, unique, unknown, white, whole
    Non-grading adverbs
    Again, no need to learn lists. Here are a few examples. There are many more. Remember that you cannot use all non-grading adverbs with all non-gradable adjectives. Some collocate (go together). Some don't.
    absolutely, almost, completely, entirely, exclusively, fully, largely, mainly, nearly, perfectly, practically, primarily, utterly, virtually

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Saturday, March 22

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Friday, March 21

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Tuesday, March 11

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